The prevalence and habit-associated risk factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease among fishermen in Indonesia

Ahmad Fariz Malvi Zamzam Zein(1), Catur Setiya Sulistiyana(2), Tissa Octavira Permatasari(3), Uswatun Khasanah(4), Tiar Masykuroh Pratamawati(5), Ismayanti Ismayanti(6), Dwi Listiany Corneli(7), Eni Suhaeni(8),


(1) Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati, Cirebon, Jawa Barat, Indonesia Department of Internal Medicine, Waled General Hospital, Cirebon, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
(2) Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati
(3) Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati
(4) Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati
(5) Department of Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati
(6) Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati
(7) Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati
(8) Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati
Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background. This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence and habit-associated risk factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among fishermen.

Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 168 adult fishermen in Cirebon Regency, West Java, Indonesia. A self-administered questionnaire was given. The questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics and validated GERD questionnaire (GERDQ) in Indonesian language. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test. The study has been approved by the Medical Research Ethic Comiittee.

Results. The medan age of the participants was 39.0 (24-86) years old. They were predominanty (60.7%) female. The prevalence of GERD was 22.6%. According to bivariate analysis, there was association between smoking (PR 1.181; 95%CI 1.013-1.377;p 0.041), high-salt intake (PR 2.419;95%CI 1.079-5.424; p 0.029), herb consumption (PR 3.068; 95%CI 1.307-7.200; p 0.008), poor hand hygiene (PR 3.202; 95%ci 1.445-7.095; p 0.003), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) consumption (PR 3.062; 95%CI 1.446-6.488; p 0.00) with GERD. Tea consumption, coffee consumption, and raw vegetable eating were not associated with GERD.

Conclusions> This population-based study showed that the prevalence of GERD among fishermen in Indonesia is high. Habits associated with GERD in this study were smoking, high-salt intake, herb consumption poor, hand hygiene,


Keywords


Prevalence; Habit; Risk factor; gastroesophageal reflux disease; fish

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DOI: 10.24871/2232021174-179

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