Inducing and Aggravating Factors of Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptoms

Radhiyatam Mardhiyah(1), Ari Fahrial Syam(2), Siti Setiati(3),


(1) Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta
(2) Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General National Hospital, Jakarta
(3) Division of Geriatric Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General National Hospital, Jakarta
Corresponding Author

Abstract


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (subsequently abbreviated as GERD) is a  disease commonly found in the community. Several factors have been recognized as inducing and aggravating factors of GERD symptoms such as older age, female gender, obesity, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, certain diet and poor eating habit like eating fatty, spicy, and acid food.


Keywords


gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD); risk factors; life style

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DOI: 10.24871/1732016194-199

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